5402809472 Info

  • Phone Number5402809472
  • CompanyCellco Partnership DBA Verizon Wireless
  • StateVirginia
  • CityStaunton, VA
  • CountyStaunton City
  • Prefix280
  • Area Code540
  • UsageCell Number

5402809472 USA Telephone Phone State > Virginia 540-280-9472, Staunton, VA, Staunton City

Staunton, VA

Staunton may refer to:

People

  • Staunton (surname)

Places

United Kingdom
  • Staunton, Gloucestershire can refer to:
    • Staunton, near Coleford, Gloucestershire, a village in the west part of the Forest of Dean
    • Staunton, near Gloucester, Gloucestershire, a village near the border of Gloucestershire and Worcestershire
  • Staunton, Nottinghamshire
United States
  • Staunton, Illinois
  • Staunton Township, Illinois
  • Staunton, Indiana
  • Staunton Township, Ohio
  • Staunton, Virginia
  • Staunton Natural Area, a protected area of Staunton State Park, Colorado
  • Staunton State Park, Colorado
  • The Staunton River, a portion of the Roanoke River in central Virginia
Hong Kong
  • Staunton Street on Hong Kong Island

Other

  • Staunton chess set, a set of chessmen used to play the game of chess

Virginia

Virginia (/vərˈdʒɪnjə/), officially the Commonwealth of Virginia, is a U.S. state located in the South Atlantic region of the United States. Virginia is nicknamed the "Old Dominion" due to its status as a former dominion of the English Crown, and "Mother of Presidents" due to the most U.S. presidents having been born there. The geography and climate of the Commonwealth are shaped by the Blue Ridge Mountains and the Chesapeake Bay, which provide habitat for much of its flora and fauna. The capital of the Commonwealth is Richmond; Virginia Beach is the most populous city, and Fairfax County is the most populous political subdivision. The Commonwealth's estimated population as of 2013 is over 8.2 million.

The area's history begins with several indigenous groups, including the Powhatan. In 1607 the London Company established the Colony of Virginia as the first permanent New World English colony. Slave labor and the land acquired from displaced Native American tribes each played a significant role in the colony's early politics and plantation economy. Virginia was one of the 13 Colonies in the American Revolution and joined the Confederacy in the American Civil War, during which Richmond was made the Confederate capital and Virginia's northwestern counties seceded to form the state of West Virginia. Although the Commonwealth was under single-party rule for nearly a century following Reconstruction, both major national parties are competitive in modern Virginia.

The Virginia General Assembly is the oldest continuous law-making body in the New World. The state government has been repeatedly ranked most effective by the Pew Center on the States. It is unique in how it treats cities and counties equally, manages local roads, and prohibits its governors from serving consecutive terms. Virginia's economy has many sectors: agriculture in the Shenandoah Valley; federal agencies in Northern Virginia, including the headquarters of the Department of Defense and CIA; and military facilities in Hampton Roads, the site of the region's main seaport. Virginia's economy transitioned from primarily agricultural to industrial during the 1960s and 1970s, and in 2002 computer chips became the state's leading export.

Geography

Virginia has a total area of 42,774.2 square miles (110,784.7 km2), including 3,180.13 square miles (8,236.5 km2) of water, making it the 35th-largest state by area. Virginia is bordered by Maryland and Washington, D.C. to the north and east; by the Atlantic Ocean to the east; by North Carolina and Tennessee to the south; by Kentucky to the west; and by West Virginia to the north and west. Virginia's boundary with Maryland and Washington, D.C. extends to the low-water mark of the south shore of the Potomac River. The southern border is defined as the 36° 30′ parallel north, though surveyor error led to deviations of as much as three arcminutes. The border with Tennessee was not settled until 1893, when their dispute was brought to the U.S. Supreme Court.

Geology and terrain

The Chesapeake Bay separates the contiguous portion of the Commonwealth from the two-county peninsula of Virginia's Eastern Shore. The bay was formed from the drowned river valleys of the Susquehanna River and the James River. Many of Virginia's rivers flow into the Chesapeake Bay, including the Potomac, Rappahannock, York, and James, which create three peninsulas in the bay.

The Tidewater is a coastal plain between the Atlantic coast and the fall line. It includes the Eastern Shore and major estuaries of Chesapeake Bay. The Piedmont is a series of sedimentary and igneous rock-based foothills east of the mountains which were formed in the Mesozoic era. The region, known for its heavy clay soil, includes the Southwest Mountains around Charlottesville. The Blue Ridge Mountains are a physiographic province of the Appalachian Mountains with the highest points in the state, the tallest being Mount Rogers at 5,729 feet (1,746 m). The Ridge and Valley region is west of the mountains and includes the Great Appalachian Valley. The region is carbonate rock based and includes Massanutten Mountain. The Cumberland Plateau and the Cumberland Mountains are in the southwest corner of Virginia, south of the Allegheny Plateau. In this region, rivers flow northwest, with a dendritic drainage system, into the Ohio River basin.

The state's carbonate rock is filled with more than 4,000 caves, ten of which are open for tourism.

The Virginia Seismic Zone has not had a history of regular earthquake activity. Earthquakes are rarely above 4.5 in magnitude, because Virginia is located away from the edges of the North American Plate. The largest earthquake, at an estimated 5.9 magnitude, was in 1897 near Blacksburg. A 5.8 magnitude earthquake struck central Virginia on August 23, 2011, near Mineral. The earthquake was reportedly felt as far away as Toronto, Canada, Atlanta, Georgia and Florida.

Coal mining takes place in the three mountainous regions at 45 distinct coal beds near Mesozoic basins. Over 62 million tons of other non-fuel resources, such as slate, kyanite, sand, or gravel, were also mined in Virginia in 2012.

Climate

The climate of Virginia becomes increasingly warmer and more humid farther south and east. Seasonal extremes vary from average lows of 26 °F (−3 °C) in January to average highs of 86 °F (30 °C) in July. The Atlantic ocean has a strong effect on eastern and southeastern coastal areas of the state. Influenced by the Gulf Stream, coastal weather is subject to hurricanes, most pronouncedly near the mouth of Chesapeake Bay.

Virginia has an annual average of 35–45 days of thunderstorm activity, particularly in the western part of the state, and an average annual precipitation of 42.7 inches (108 cm). Cold air masses arriving over the mountains in winter can lead to significant snowfalls, such as the Blizzard of 1996 and winter storms of 2009–2010. The interaction of these elements with the state's topography creates distinct microclimates in the Shenandoah Valley, the mountainous southwest, and the coastal plains. Virginia averages seven tornadoes annually, most F2 or lower on the Fujita scale.

In recent years, the expansion of the southern suburbs of Washington, D.C. into Northern Virginia has introduced an urban heat island primarily caused by increased absorption of solar radiation in more densely populated areas. In the American Lung Association's 2011 report, 11 counties received failing grades for air quality, with Fairfax County having the worst in the state, due to automobile pollution. Haze in the mountains is caused in part by coal power plants.

Flora and fauna

Forests cover 65% of the state, primarily with deciduous, broad leaf trees. Lower altitudes are more likely to have small but dense stands of moisture-loving hemlocks and mosses in abundance, with hickory and oak in the Blue Ridge. However since the early 1990s, Gypsy moth infestations have eroded the dominance of oak forests. In the lowland tidewater yellow pines tend to dominate, with bald cypress wetland forests in the Great Dismal and Nottoway swamps. Other common trees and plants include chestnut, maple, tulip poplar, mountain laurel, milkweed, daisies, and many species of ferns. The largest areas of wilderness are along the Atlantic coast and in the western mountains, where the largest populations of trillium wildflowers in North America are found. The Atlantic coast regions are host to flora commonly associated with the South Atlantic pine forests and lower Southeast Coastal Plain maritime flora, the latter found primarily in southeastern Virginia.

Mammals include White-tailed deer, black bear, beaver, bobcat, coyote, raccoon, skunk, groundhog, Virginia Opossum, gray fox, red fox, and eastern cottontail rabbit. Other mammals include: nutria, fox squirrel, gray squirrel, flying squirrel, chipmunk, brown bat, and weasel. Birds include cardinals (the State Bird), barred owls, Carolina chickadees, Red-tailed Hawks, Ospreys, Brown Pelicans, Quail, Sea gulls, Bald Eagles, and Wild Turkeys. Virginia is also home to both the large and small pileated woodpecker as well as the common woodpecker. The Peregrine Falcon was reintroduced into Shenandoah National Park in the mid-1990s. Walleye, brook trout, Roanoke bass, and blue catfish are among the 210 known species of freshwater fish. Running brooks with rocky bottoms are often inhabited by plentiful amounts of crayfish and salamanders. The Chesapeake Bay is host to many species, including blue crabs, clams, oysters, and rockfish (also known as striped bass).

Virginia has 30 National Park Service units, such as Great Falls Park and the Appalachian Trail, and one national park, the Shenandoah National Park. Shenandoah was established in 1935 and encompasses the scenic Skyline Drive. Almost 40% of the park's area (79,579 acres/322 km2) has been designated as wilderness under the National Wilderness Preservation System. Additionally, there are 34 Virginia state parks and 17 state forests, run by the Department of Conservation and Recreation and the Department of Forestry. The Chesapeake Bay, while not a national park, is protected by both state and federal legislation, and the jointly run Chesapeake Bay Program which conducts restoration on the bay and its watershed. The Great Dismal Swamp National Wildlife Refuge extends into North Carolina, as does the Back Bay National Wildlife Refuge, which marks the beginning of the Outer Banks.

History

Jamestown 2007 marked Virginia's quadricentennial year, celebrating 400 years since the establishment of the Jamestown Colony. The celebrations highlighted contributions from Native Americans, Europeans, and Africans, each of which had a significant part in shaping Virginia's history. Warfare, including among these groups, has also had an important role. Virginia was a focal point in conflicts from the French and Indian War, the American Revolution and the Civil War, to the Cold War and the War on Terrorism. Stories about historic figures, such as those surrounding Pocahontas and John Smith, George Washington's childhood, or the plantation elite in the slave society of the antebellum period, have also created potent myths of state history, and have served as rationales for Virginia's ideology.

Colony

The first people are estimated to have arrived in Virginia over 12,000 years ago. By 5,000 years ago more permanent settlements emerged, and farming began by 900 AD. By 1500, the Algonquian peoples had founded towns such as Werowocomoco in the Tidewater region, which they referred to as Tsenacommacah. The other major language groups in the area were the Siouan to the west, and the Iroquoians, who included the Nottoway and Meherrin, to the north and south. After 1570, the Algonquians consolidated under Chief Powhatan in response to threats from these other groups on their trade network. Powhatan controlled more than 30 smaller tribes and over 150 settlements, who shared a common Virginia Algonquian language. In 1607, the native Tidewater population was between 13,000 and 14,000.

Several European expeditions, including a group of Spanish Jesuits, explored the Chesapeake Bay during the 16th century. In 1583, Queen Elizabeth I of England granted Walter Raleigh a charter to plant a colony north of Spanish Florida. In 1584, Raleigh sent an expedition to the Atlantic coast of North America. The name "Virginia" may have been suggested then by Raleigh or Elizabeth, perhaps noting her status as the "Virgin Queen," and may also be related to a native phrase, "Wingandacoa," or name, "Wingina." Initially the name applied to the entire coastal region from South Carolina to Maine, plus the island of Bermuda. The London Company was incorporated as a joint stock company by the proprietary Charter of 1606, which granted land rights to this area. The Company financed the first permanent English settlement in the "New World", Jamestown. Named for King James I, it was founded in May 1607 by Christopher Newport. In 1619, colonists took greater control with an elected legislature called the House of Burgesses. With the bankruptcy of the London Company in 1624, the settlement was taken into royal authority as an English crown colony.

Life in the colony was perilous, and many died during the Starving Time in 1609 and the Anglo-Powhatan Wars, including the Indian massacre of 1622, which fostered the colonists' negative view of all tribes. By 1624, only 3,400 of the 6,000 early settlers had survived. However, European demand for tobacco fueled the arrival of more settlers and servants. The headright system tried to solve the labor shortage by providing colonists with land for each indentured servant they transported to Virginia. African workers were first imported to Jamestown in 1619 initially under the rules of indentured servitude. The shift to a system of African slavery in Virginia was propelled by the legal cases of John Punch, who was sentenced to lifetime slavery in 1640 for attempting to run away, and of John Casor, who was claimed by Anthony Johnson as his servant for life in 1655. Slavery first appears in Virginia statutes in 1661 and 1662, when a law made it hereditary based on the mother's status.

Tensions and the geographic differences between the working and ruling classes led to Bacon's Rebellion in 1676, by which time current and former indentured servants made up as much as 80% of the population. Rebels, largely from the colony's frontier, were also opposed to the conciliatory policy towards native tribes, and one result of the rebellion was the signing at Middle Plantation of the Treaty of 1677, which made the signatory tribes tributary states and was part of a pattern of appropriating tribal land by force and treaty. Middle Plantation saw the founding of The College of William & Mary in 1693 and was renamed Williamsburg as it became the colonial capital in 1699. In 1747, a group of Virginian speculators formed the Ohio Company, with the backing of the British crown, to start English settlement and trade in the Ohio Country west of the Appalachian Mountains. France, which claimed this area as part of their colony of New France, viewed this as a threat, and the ensuing French and Indian War became part of the Seven Years' War (1756–1763). A militia from several British colonies, called the Virginia Regiment, was led by then-Lieutenant Colonel George Washington.

Statehood

The British Parliament's efforts to levy new taxes following the French and Indian War were deeply unpopular in the colonies. In the House of Burgesses, opposition to taxation without representation was led by Patrick Henry and Richard Henry Lee, among others. Virginians began to coordinate their actions with other colonies in 1773, and sent delegates to the Continental Congress the following year. After the House of Burgesses was dissolved by the royal governor in 1774, Virginia's revolutionary leaders continued to govern via the Virginia Conventions. On May 15, 1776, the Convention declared Virginia's independence from the British Empire and adopted George Mason's Virginia Declaration of Rights, which was then included in a new constitution. Another Virginian, Thomas Jefferson, drew upon Mason's work in drafting the national Declaration of Independence.

When the American Revolutionary War began, George Washington was selected to head the colonial army. During the war, the capital was moved to Richmond at the urging of Governor Thomas Jefferson, who feared that Williamsburg's coastal location would make it vulnerable to British attack. In 1781, the combined action of Continental and French land and naval forces trapped the British army on the Virginia Peninsula, where troops under George Washington and Comte de Rochambeau defeated British General Cornwallis in the Siege of Yorktown. His surrender on October 19, 1781 led to peace negotiations in Paris and secured the independence of the colonies.

Virginians were instrumental in writing the United States Constitution. James Madison drafted the Virginia Plan in 1787 and the Bill of Rights in 1789. Virginia ratified the Constitution on June 25, 1788. The three-fifths compromise ensured that Virginia, with its large number of slaves, initially had the largest bloc in the House of Representatives. Together with the Virginia dynasty of presidents, this gave the Commonwealth national importance. In 1790, both Virginia and Maryland ceded territory to form the new District of Columbia, though the Virginian area was retroceded in 1846. Virginia is called "Mother of States" because of its role in being carved into states like Kentucky, which became the 15th state in 1792, and for the numbers of American pioneers born in Virginia.

Civil War and aftermath

In addition to agriculture, slave labor was increasingly used in mining, shipbuilding and other industries. The execution of Gabriel Prosser in 1800, Nat Turner's slave rebellion in 1831 and John Brown's Raid on Harpers Ferry in 1859 marked the growing social discontent over slavery and its role in the plantation economy. By 1860, almost half a million people, roughly 31% of the total population of Virginia, were enslaved. This division contributed to the start of the American Civil War.

Virginia voted to secede from the United States on April 17, 1861, after the Battle of Fort Sumter and Abraham Lincoln's call for volunteers. On April 24, Virginia joined the Confederate States of America, which chose Richmond as its capital. After the 1861 Wheeling Convention, 48 counties in the northwest separated to form a new state of West Virginia, which chose to remain loyal to the Union. Virginian general Robert E. Lee took command of the Army of Northern Virginia in 1862, and led invasions into Union territory, ultimately becoming commander of all Confederate forces. During the war, more battles were fought in Virginia than anywhere else, including Bull Run, the Seven Days Battles, Chancellorsville, and the concluding Battle of Appomattox Court House. After the capture of Richmond in April 1865, the state capital was briefly moved to Lynchburg, while the Confederate leadership fled to Danville. Virginia was formally restored to the United States in 1870, due to the work of the Committee of Nine.

During the post-war Reconstruction era, Virginia adopted a constitution which provided for free public schools, and guaranteed political, civil, and voting rights. The populist Readjuster Party ran an inclusive coalition until the conservative white Democratic Party gained power after 1883. It passed segregationist Jim Crow laws and in 1902 rewrote the Constitution of Virginia to include a poll tax and other voter registration measures that effectively disfranchised most African Americans and many poor whites. Though their schools and public services were segregated and underfunded due to a lack of political representation, African Americans were able to unite in communities and take a greater role in Virginia society.

Modern era

New economic forces also changed the Commonwealth. Virginian James Albert Bonsack invented the tobacco cigarette rolling machine in 1880 leading to new industrial scale production centered around Richmond. In 1886, railroad magnate Collis Potter Huntington founded Newport News Shipbuilding, which was responsible for building six major World War I-era battleships for the U.S. Navy from 1907–1923. During the war, German submarines like U-151 attacked ships outside the port. In 1926, Dr. W.A.R. Goodwin, rector of Williamsburg's Bruton Parish Church, began restoration of colonial-era buildings in the historic district with financial backing of John D. Rockefeller, Jr. Though their project, like others in the state, had to contend with the Great Depression and World War II, work continued as Colonial Williamsburg became a major tourist attraction.

Protests started by Barbara Rose Johns in 1951 in Farmville against segregated schools led to the lawsuit Davis v. County School Board of Prince Edward County. This case, filed by Richmond natives Spottswood Robinson and Oliver Hill, was decided in 1954 with Brown v. Board of Education, which rejected the segregationist doctrine of "separate but equal". But, in 1958, under the policy of "massive resistance" led by the influential segregationist Senator Harry F. Byrd and his Byrd Organization, the Commonwealth prohibited desegregated local schools from receiving state funding.

The Civil Rights Movement gained many participants in the 1960s. It achieved the moral force and support to gain passage of national legislation with the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965. In 1964 the United States Supreme Court ordered Prince Edward County and others to integrate schools. In 1967, the Court also struck down the state's ban on interracial marriage with Loving v. Virginia. From 1969 to 1971, state legislators under Governor Mills Godwin rewrote the constitution, after goals such as the repeal of Jim Crow laws had been achieved. In 1989, Douglas Wilder became the first African American elected as governor in the United States.

The Cold War led to the expansion of national defense government programs housed in offices in Northern Virginia near Washington, D.C., and correlative population growth. The Central Intelligence Agency in Langley was involved in various Cold War events, including as the target of Soviet espionage activities. Also among the federal developments was the Pentagon, built during World War II as the headquarters for the Department of Defense. It was one of the targets of the September 11 attacks; 189 people died at the site when a jet passenger plane was crashed into the building.

Cities and towns

Virginia is divided into 95 counties and 38 independent cities, which both operate the same way since independent cities are considered to be county-equivalent. This method of treating cities and counties equally is unique to Virginia, with only three other independent cities in the United States outside Virginia. Virginia limits the authority of cities and counties to countermand laws expressly allowed by the Virginia General Assembly under what is known as Dillon's Rule. In addition to independent cities, there are also incorporated towns which operate under their own governments, but are part of a county. Finally there are hundreds of unincorporated communities within the counties. Virginia does not have any further political subdivisions, such as villages or townships.

Virginia has 11 Metropolitan Statistical Areas; Northern Virginia, Hampton Roads, and Richmond-Petersburg are the three most populous. Richmond is the capital of Virginia, and its metropolitan area has a population of over 1.2 million. As of 2010, Virginia Beach is the most populous city in the Commonwealth, with Norfolk and Chesapeake second and third, respectively. Norfolk forms the urban core of the Hampton Roads metropolitan area, which has a population over 1.6 million people and is the site of the world's largest naval base, Naval Station Norfolk. Suffolk, which includes a portion of the Great Dismal Swamp, is the largest city by area at 429.1 square miles (1,111 km2).

Fairfax County is the most populous locality in Virginia, with over one million residents, although that does not include its county seat Fairfax, which is one of the independent cities. Fairfax County has a major urban business and shopping center in Tysons Corner, Virginia's largest office market. Neighboring Loudoun County, with the county seat at Leesburg, is both the fastest-growing county in Virginia and has the highest median household income ($114,204) in the country as of 2010. Arlington County, the smallest self-governing county in the United States by land area, is an urban community organized as a county. The Roanoke area, with an estimated population of 300,399, is the largest Metropolitan Statistical Area in western Virginia.

Demographics

The United States Census Bureau estimates that the state population was 8,260,405 on July 1, 2013, a 3.2% increase since the 2010 United States Census. This includes an increase from net migration of 314,832 people into the Commonwealth since the 2000 census. Immigration from outside the United States resulted in a net increase of 159,627 people, and migration within the country produced a net increase of 155,205 people. The center of population is located in Louisa County outside of Richmond.

Ethnicity

The state's most populous ethnic group, Non-Hispanic White, has declined from 76% in 1990 to 63.6% in 2013. In 2011, non-Hispanic Whites were involved in 50.9% of all the births. People of English heritage settled throughout the Commonwealth during the colonial period, and others of British and Irish heritage have since immigrated. Those who self-identify as having "American ethnicity" are predominantly of English descent, but have ancestry that has been in North America for so long that they choose to identify simply as American. Of the English immigrants to Virginia in the 1600s, 75% came as indentured servants. The western mountains have many settlements that were founded by Scots-Irish immigrants before the American Revolution. There are also sizable numbers of people of German descent in the northwestern mountains and Shenandoah Valley, and German ancestry was the most popular response on the 2010 American Community Survey, with 11.7%. 2.9% of Virginians also describe themselves as biracial.

The largest minority group in Virginia is African American, at 19.7% as of 2013. Most African American Virginians have been descendants of enslaved Africans who worked on tobacco, cotton, and hemp plantations. These men, women and children were brought from west-central Africa, primarily from Angola and the Bight of Biafra. The Igbo ethnic group of what is now southern Nigeria were the single largest African group among slaves in Virginia. Though the black population was reduced by the Great Migration, since 1965 there has been a reverse migration of blacks returning south. According to the Pew Research Center, the state has the highest concentration of black and white interracial marriages.

More recent immigration in the late 20th century and early 21st century has fueled new communities of Hispanics and Asians. As of 2013, 8.6% of Virginians are Hispanic or Latino (of any race), and 6.1% are Asian. The state's Hispanic population rose by 92% from 2000 to 2010, with two-thirds of Hispanics living in Northern Virginia. Hispanic citizens in Virginia have higher median household incomes and educational attainment than the general Virginia population. Northern Virginia also has a significant population of Vietnamese Americans, whose major wave of immigration followed the Vietnam War, and Korean Americans, whose migration has been more recent and was induced in part by the quality school system. The Filipino American community has about 45,000 in the Hampton Roads area, many of whom have ties to the U.S. Navy and armed forces.

Additionally, 0.5% of Virginians are American Indian or Alaska Native, and 0.1% are Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander. Virginia has extended state recognition to eight Native American tribes resident in the state, though all lack federal recognition status. Most Native American groups are located in the Tidewater region.

Languages

The Piedmont region is known for its dialect's strong influence on Southern American English. While a more homogenized American English is found in urban areas, various accents are also used, including the Tidewater accent, the Old Virginia accent, and the anachronistic Elizabethan of Tangier Island.

As of 2010, 85.87% (6,299,127) of Virginia residents age 5 and older spoke English at home as a primary language, while 6.41% (470,058) spoke Spanish, 0.77% (56,518) Korean, 0.63% (45,881) Vietnamese, 0.57% (42,418) Chinese (which includes Mandarin), and Tagalog was spoken as a main language by 0.56% (40,724) of the population over the age of five. In total, 14.13% (1,036,442) of Virginia's population age 5 and older spoke a mother language other than English. English was passed as the Commonwealth's official language by statutes in 1981 and again in 1996, though the status is not mandated by the Constitution of Virginia.

Religion

Virginia is predominantly Christian and Protestant; Baptists are the largest single group with 27% of the population as of 2008. Baptist congregations in Virginia have 763,655 members. Baptist denominational groups in Virginia include the Baptist General Association of Virginia, with about 1,400 member churches, which supports both the Southern Baptist Convention and the moderate Cooperative Baptist Fellowship; and the Southern Baptist Conservatives of Virginia with more than 500 affiliated churches, which supports the Southern Baptist Convention. Roman Catholics are the second-largest religious group with 673,853 members. The Roman Catholic Diocese of Arlington includes most of Northern Virginia's Catholic churches, while the Diocese of Richmond covers the rest.

The Virginia Conference is the regional body of the United Methodist Churchin most of the Commonwealth, while the Holston Conference represents much of extreme Southwest Virginia. The Virginia Synod is responsible for the congregations of the Lutheran Church. Presbyterian, Pentecostal, Congregationalist, and Episcopalian adherents each composed less than 2% of the population as of 2010. The Episcopal Diocese of Virginia, Southern Virginia, and Southwestern Virginia support the various Episcopal churches.

In November 2006, 15 conservative Episcopal churches voted to split from the Diocese of Virginia over the ordination of openly gay bishops and clergy in other dioceses of the Episcopal Church; these churches continue to claim affiliation with the larger Anglican Communion through other bodies outside the United States. Though Virginia law allows parishioners to determine their church's affiliation, the diocese claimed the secessionist churches' buildings and properties. The resulting property law case, ultimately decided in favor of the mainline diocese, was a test for Episcopal churches nationwide.

Among other religions, adherents of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints constitute 1% of the population, with 197 congregations in Virginia as of March 2014. Fairfax Station is the site of the Ekoji Buddhist Temple, of the Jodo Shinshu school, and the Hindu Durga Temple. While the state's Jewish population is small, organized Jewish sites date to 1789 with Congregation Beth Ahabah. Muslims are a growing religious group throughout the Commonwealth through immigration. Megachurches in the Commonwealth include Thomas Road Baptist Church, Immanuel Bible Church, and McLean Bible Church. Several Christian universities are also based in the state, including Regent University, Liberty University, and Lynchburg College.

Economy

Virginia is an employment-at-will state; its economy has diverse sources of income, including local and federal government, military, farming and business. Virginia has 4.1 million civilian workers, and one-third of the jobs are in the service sector. The unemployment rate in Virginia is among the lowest in the nation, at 5.2%, as of April 2013. The second fastest job growth town in the nation is Leesburg, as of 2011. The Gross Domestic Product of Virginia was $452 billion in 2013. According to the Bureau of Economic Analysis, Virginia had the most counties in the top 100 wealthiest in the United States based upon median income in 2007. Northern Virginia is the highest-income region in Virginia, having six of the twenty highest-income counties in the United States, including the three highest as of 2011. According to CNN Money Magazine the highest-income town in the nation is Great Falls, as of 2011. According to a 2013 study by Phoenix Marketing International, Virginia had the seventh-largest number of millionaires per capita in the United States, with a ratio of 6.64%.

Government

Virginia has the highest defense spending of any state per capita, providing the Commonwealth with around 900,000 jobs. 12% of all U.S. federal procurement money is spent in Virginia, the second-highest amount after California. Many Virginians work for federal agencies in Northern Virginia, which include the Central Intelligence Agency and the Department of Defense, as well as the National Science Foundation, the United States Geological Survey and the United States Patent and Trademark Office. Many others work for government contractors, including defense and security firms, which hold more than 15,000 federal contracts.

Virginia has one of the highest concentrations of veterans of any state, and is second to California in total Department of Defense employees. The Hampton Roads area has the largest concentration of military personnel and assets of any metropolitan area in the world, including the largest naval base in the world, Naval Station Norfolk. In its state government, Virginia employes 106,143 public employees, who combined have a median income of $44,656 as of 2013.

Business

Virginia has the highest concentration of technology workers of any state, and the fourth-highest number of technology workers after California, Texas, and New York. Computer chips became the state's highest-grossing export in 2006, surpassing its traditional top exports of coal and tobacco combined. Northern Virginia, once considered the state's dairy capital, now hosts software, communication technology, defense contracting companies, particularly in the Dulles Technology Corridor. The state has the highest average and peak Internet speeds in the United States, with the third-highest worldwide, and Northern Virginia's data centers carried 70% of the nation's internet traffic.

Virginia companies received the fourth-highest amount of venture capital funding in the first half of 2011 after California, Massachusetts, and New York. In 2009, Forbes Magazine named Virginia the best state in the nation for business for the fourth year in a row, while CNBC named it the top state for business in 2007, 2009, and 2011. Virginia has 20 Fortune 500 companies, ranking the state eighth nationwide. Tourism in Virginia supported an estimated 210,000 jobs and generated $21.2 billion in 2012. Arlington County is the top tourist destination in the state by domestic spending, followed by Fairfax County, Loudoun County, and Virginia Beach. Tysons Corner is one of the largest business districts in the nation.

Additionally, in 2014 a survey of 12,000 small business owners found Virginia to be one of the most friendly states for small businesses.

Agriculture

Agriculture occupies 32% of the land in Virginia. As of 2012, about 357,000 Virginian jobs were in agriculture, with over 47,000 farms, averaging 171 acres (0.27 sq mi; 0.69 km2), in a total farmland area of 8.1 million acres (12,656 sq mi; 32,780 km2). Though agriculture has declined significantly since 1960 when there were twice as many farms, it remains the largest single industry in Virginia. Tomatoes surpassed soy as the most profitable crop in Virginia in 2006, with peanuts and hay as other agricultural products. Although it is no longer the primary crop, Virginia is still the fifth-largest producer of tobacco nationwide. Eastern oyster harvests are an important part of the Chesapeake Bay economy, but declining oyster populations from disease, pollution, and overfishing have diminished catches. Wineries and vineyards in the Northern Neck and along the Blue Ridge Mountains also have begun to generate income and attract tourists.

Taxes

Virginia collects personal income tax in five income brackets, ranging from 3.0% to 5.75%. The state sales and use tax rate is 4.3%, while the tax rate on food is 1.5%. There is an additional 1% local tax, for a total of a 5.3% combined sales tax on most Virginia purchases and 2.5% on most food. Virginia's property tax is set and collected at the local government level and varies throughout the Commonwealth. Real estate is also taxed at the local level based on 100% of fair market value. Tangible personal property also is taxed at the local level and is based on a percentage or percentages of original cost.

Culture

Virginia's culture was popularized and spread across America and the South by figures such as George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, and Robert E. Lee. Their homes in Virginia represent the birthplace of America and the South. Modern Virginia culture has many sources, and is part of the culture of the Southern United States. The Smithsonian Institution divides Virginia into nine cultural regions.

Besides the general cuisine of the Southern United States, Virginia maintains its own particular traditions. Virginia wine is made in many parts of the state. Smithfield ham, sometimes called "Virginia ham", is a type of country ham which is protected by state law, and can only be produced in the town of Smithfield. Virginia furniture and architecture are typical of American colonial architecture. Thomas Jefferson and many of the state's early leaders favored the Neoclassical architecture style, leading to its use for important state buildings. The Pennsylvania Dutch and their style can also be found in parts of the state.

Literature in Virginia often deals with the state's extensive and sometimes troubled past. The works of Pulitzer Prize winner Ellen Glasgow often dealt with social inequalities and the role of women in her culture. Glasgow's peer and close friend James Branch Cabell wrote extensively about the changing position of gentry in the Reconstruction era, and challenged its moral code with Jurgen, A Comedy of Justice. William Styron approached history in works such as The Confessions of Nat Turner and Sophie's Choice. Tom Wolfe has occasionally dealt with his southern heritage in bestsellers like I Am Charlotte Simmons. Mount Vernon native Matt Bondurant received critical acclaim for his historic novel The Wettest County in the World about moonshiners in Franklin County during prohibition. Virginia also names a state Poet Laureate, currently Ron Smith of Richmond, who will serve until mid-2016.

Fine and performing arts

Rich in cultural heritage, Virginia ranks near the bottom of U.S. states in terms of public spending on the arts, at nearly half of the national average. The state government does fund some institutions, including the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts and the Science Museum of Virginia. Other museums include the popular Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center of the National Air and Space Museum and the Chrysler Museum of Art. Besides these sites, many open-air museums are located in the Commonwealth, such as Colonial Williamsburg, the Frontier Culture Museum, and various historic battlefields. The Virginia Foundation for the Humanities works to improve the Commonwealth's civic, cultural, and intellectual life.

Theaters and venues in the Commonwealth are found both in the cities and suburbs. The Harrison Opera House, in Norfolk, is home of the Virginia Opera. The Virginia Symphony Orchestra operates in and around Hampton Roads. Resident and touring theater troupes operate from the American Shakespeare Center in Staunton. The Barter Theatre, designated the State Theatre of Virginia, in Abingdon won the first ever Regional Theatre Tony Award in 1948, while the Signature Theatre in Arlington won it in 2009. There's also a Children's Theater of Virginia, Theatre IV, which is the second largest touring troupe nationwide.

Virginia has launched many award-winning traditional musical artists and internationally successful popular music acts, as well as Hollywood actors. Virginia is known for its tradition in the music genres of old-time string and bluegrass, with groups such as the Carter Family and Stanley Brothers, as well as gospel, blues, and shout bands. Contemporary Virginia is also known for folk rock artists like Dave Matthews and Jason Mraz, hip hop stars like Pharrell Williams and Missy Elliott, as well as thrash metal groups like GWAR and Lamb of God. Notable performance venues include The Birchmere, the Landmark Theater, and Jiffy Lube Live. Wolf Trap National Park for the Performing Arts is located in Vienna and is the only national park intended for use as a performing arts center.

Festivals

Many counties and localities host county fairs and festivals. The Virginia State Fair is held at the Meadow Event Park every September. Also in September is the Neptune Festival in Virginia Beach, which celebrates the city, the waterfront, and regional artists. Norfolk's Harborfest, in June, features boat racing and air shows. Fairfax County also sponsors Celebrate Fairfax! with popular and traditional music performances. The Virginia Lake Festival is held during the third weekend in July in Clarksville. Wolf Trap hosts the Wolf Trap Opera Company, which produces an opera festival every summer. Each September, Bay Days celebrates the Chesapeake Bay as well as Hampton's 400 year history since 1610, and Isle of Wight County holds a County Fair on the second week of September as well. Both feature live music performances, and other unique events.

On the Eastern Shore island of Chincoteague the annual Pony Swim & Auction of feral Chincoteague ponies at the end of July is a unique local tradition expanded into a week-long carnival. The Shenandoah Apple Blossom Festival is a six-day festival held annually in Winchester that includes parades and bluegrass concerts. The Old Time Fiddlers' Convention in Galax, begun in 1935, is one of the oldest and largest such events worldwide. Two important film festivals, the Virginia Film Festival and the VCU French Film Festival, are held annually in Charlottesville and Richmond, respectively.

Media

The Hampton Roads area is the 45th-largest media market in the United States as ranked by Nielsen Media Research, while the Richmond-Petersburg area is 57th and Roanoke-Lynchburg is 66th as of 2013. Northern Virginia is part of the much larger Washington, D.C. media market.

There are 36 television stations in Virginia, representing each major U.S. network, part of 42 stations which serve Virginia viewers. More than 720 FCC-licensed FM radio stations broadcast in Virginia, with about 300 such AM stations. The nationally available Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) is headquartered in Arlington. Independent PBS affiliates exist throughout Virginia, and the Arlington PBS member station WETA-TV produces programs such as the PBS NewsHour and Washington Week.

The most circulated native newspapers in the Commonwealth are Norfolk's The Virginian-Pilot (142,476 daily subscribers), the Richmond Times-Dispatch (108,559), and The Roanoke Times (78,663), as of 2014. Several Washington, D.C. papers are based in Northern Virginia, such as The Washington Examiner and Politico. The paper with the nation's widest circulation, USA Today, with 1.83 million daily subscriptions, is headquartered in McLean. Besides traditional forms of media, Virginia is the home base for telecommunication companies such as Voxant and XO Communications. In Northern Virginia, The Washington Post is the dominant newspaper, since Northern VA is located in the Washington, DC metropolitan area.

Education

Virginia's educational system consistently ranks in the top ten states on the U.S. Department of Education's National Assessment of Educational Progress, with Virginia students outperforming the average in all subject areas and grade levels tested. The 2011 Quality Counts report ranked Virginia's K–12 education fourth best in the country. All school divisions must adhere to educational standards set forth by the Virginia Department of Education, which maintains an assessment and accreditation regime known as the Standards of Learning to ensure accountability. In 2010, 85% of high school students graduated on-time after four years. Between 2000 and 2008, school enrollment increased 5%, the number of teachers 21%.

Public K–12 schools in Virginia are generally operated by the counties and cities, and not by the state. As of 2011, a total of 1,267,063 students were enrolled in 1,873 local and regional schools in the Commonwealth, including three charter schools, and an additional 109 alternative and special education centers across 132 school divisions. Besides the general public schools in Virginia, there are Governor's Schools and selective magnet schools. The Governor's Schools are a collection of more than 40 regional high schools and summer programs intended for gifted students. The Virginia Council for Private Education oversees the regulation of 320 state accredited and 130 non-accredited private schools. An additional 24,682 students receive homeschooling.

As of 2011, there are 176 colleges and universities in Virginia. In the U.S. News & World Report ranking of public colleges, the University of Virginia is second, The College of William & Mary is sixth, and Virginia Tech is 25th. Virginia Commonwealth University is ranked the top public graduate school in fine arts, while James Madison University has been recognized as the top regional public master's program in The South since 1993. The Virginia Military Institute is the oldest state military college and a top ranked public liberal arts college. George Mason University is the largest university in Virginia with over 32,000 students. Virginia Tech and Virginia State University are the state's land-grant universities. Virginia also operates 23 community colleges on 40 campuses serving over 260,000 students. There are 129 private institutions, including Washington and Lee University, Randolph College, Hampden–Sydney College, Emory & Henry College, Roanoke College, and the University of Richmond, Randolph-Macon College.

Health

Virginia has a mixed health record, and is ranked as the 26th overall healthiest state according to the 2013 United Health Foundation's Health Rankings. Virginia also ranks 21st among the states in the rate of premature deaths, 6,816 per 100,000. In 2008, Virginia reached its lowest ever rate of infant mortality, at 6.7 deaths per 1,000. There are however racial and social health disparities, in 2010 African Americans experienced 28% more premature deaths than whites, while 13% of Virginians lack any health insurance. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's 2009 survey, 26% of Virginians are obese and another 35% are overweight. 78% of residents claim to have exercised at least once in the past three months. About 30% of Virginia's 10- to 17-year-olds are overweight or obese. Virginia banned smoking in bars and restaurants in January 2010. 19% of Virginians smoke tobacco. Residents of Virginia's 8th congressional district share the longest average life expectancy rate in the nation, over 83 years.

There are 89 hospitals in Virginia listed with the United States Department of Health and Human Services. Notable examples include Inova Fairfax Hospital, the largest hospital in the Washington Metropolitan Area, and the VCU Medical Center, located on the medical campus of Virginia Commonwealth University. The University of Virginia Medical Center, part of the University of Virginia Health System, is highly ranked in endocrinology according to U.S.News & World Report. Sentara Norfolk General Hospital, part of the Hampton Roads based Sentara Health System and a teaching institution of Eastern Virginia Medical School, was the site of the first successful in-vitro fertilization birth. Virginia has a ratio of 127 primary care physicians per 10,000 residents, which is the 16th highest nationally. Virginia was one of five states to receive a perfect score in disaster preparedness according to a 2008 report by the Trust for America's Health, based on criteria such as detecting pathogens and distributing vaccines and medical supplies.

Transportation

Because of the 1932 Byrd Road Act, the state government controls most of Virginia's roads, instead of a local county authority as is usual in other states. As of 2011, the Virginia Department of Transportation owns and operates 57,867 miles (93,128 km) of the total 70,105 miles (112,823 km) of roads in the state, making it the third largest state highway system in the United States. Although the Washington Metropolitan Area, which includes Northern Virginia, has the second worst traffic in the nation, Virginia as a whole has the 21st-lowest congestion and the average commute time is 26.9 minutes.

Virginia has Amtrak passenger rail service along several corridors, and Virginia Railway Express (VRE) maintains two commuter lines into Washington, D.C. from Fredericksburg and Manassas. VRE is one of the nation's fastest growing commuter rail services, handling nearly 20,000 passengers a day. The Washington Metro rapid transit system serves Northern Virginia as far west as communities along I-66 in Fairfax County, with expansion plans to reach Loudoun County by 2017. Major freight railroads in Virginia include Norfolk Southern and CSX Transportation. Commuter buses include the Fairfax Connector and the Shenandoah Valley Commuter Bus. The Virginia Department of Transportation operates several free ferries throughout Virginia, the most notable being the Jamestown-Scotland ferry which crosses the James River in Surry County.

Virginia has five major airports: Washington Dulles International handling over 23 million passengers a year, and Reagan Washington National which both serve the Washington metropolitan area and most of Northern Virginia, Norfolk International serving the Hampton Roads area, Richmond International, and Newport News/Williamsburg International Airport. Several other airports offer limited commercial passenger service, and sixty-six public airports serve the state's aviation needs. The Virginia Port Authority's main seaports are those in Hampton Roads, which carried 17,726,251 short tons (16,080,984 t) of bulk cargo in 2007, the sixth most of United States ports. The Eastern Shore of Virginia is the site of Wallops Flight Facility, a rocket testing center owned by NASA, and the Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport, a commercial spaceport. Space tourism is also offered through Vienna-based Space Adventures.

Law and government

In colonial Virginia, free men elected the lower house of the legislature, called the House of Burgesses, which together with the Governor's Council, made the "General Assembly". Founded in 1619, the Virginia General Assembly is still in existence as the oldest legislature in the Western Hemisphere. The modern government is ranked by the Pew Center on the States with an A− in terms of its efficiency, effectiveness, and infrastructure. This is the second time Virginia received the highest grade in the nation, which it shares with two others.

Since 1971, the government has functioned under the seventh Constitution of Virginia, which provides for a strong legislature and a unified judicial system. Similar to the federal structure, the government is divided in three branches: legislative, executive, and judicial. The legislature is the General Assembly, a bicameral body whose 100-member House of Delegates and 40-member Senate write the laws for the Commonwealth. The Assembly is stronger than the executive, as it selects judges and justices. The Governor and Lieutenant Governor are elected every four years in separate elections. Incumbent governors cannot run for re-election, however the Lieutenant Governor and Attorney General can, and governors may serve non-consecutive terms. The judicial system, the oldest in America, consists of a hierarchy from the Supreme Court of Virginia and the Court of Appeals of Virginia to the Circuit Courts, the trial courts of general jurisdiction, and the lower General District Courts and Juvenile and Domestic Relations District Courts.

The Code of Virginia is the statutory law, and consists of the codified legislation of the General Assembly. The Virginia State Police is the largest law enforcement agency in Virginia. The Virginia Capitol Police is the oldest police department in the United States. The Virginia National Guard consists of 7,500 soldiers in the Virginia Army National Guard and 1,200 airmen in the Virginia Air National Guard. Since the resumption of capital punishment in Virginia in 1982, 107 people have been executed, the second highest number in the nation. The "total crime risk" is 28% lower than the national average. Since Virginia ended prisoner parole in 1995, the rate of recidivism has fallen to 28.3%, among the lowest nationwide. Virginia is an open-carry state.

Politics

Over the 20th century, Virginia shifted from a largely rural, politically Southern and conservative state to a more urbanized, pluralistic, and politically moderate environment. Up until the 1970s, Virginia was a racially divided single-party state dominated by the Byrd Organization. The legacy of slavery in the state effectively disfranchised African Americans until after passage of civil rights legislation in the mid-1960s. Enfranchisement and immigration of other groups, especially Hispanics, have placed growing importance on minority voting, while voters that identify as "white working-class" declined by three percent between 2008 and 2012. Regional differences play a large part in Virginia politics. Rural southern and western areas moved to support the Republican Party in response to its "southern strategy", while urban and growing suburban areas, including much of Northern Virginia, form the Democratic Party base. Democratic support also persists in union-influenced parts of Southwest Virginia, college towns such as Charlottesville and Blacksburg, and the southeastern Black Belt Region.

Political party strength in Virginia has likewise been in flux. In the 2007 state elections, Democrats regained control of the State Senate, and narrowed the Republican majority in the House of Delegates to eight seats. Yet elections in 2009 resulted in the election of Republican Bob McDonnell as Governor by a seventeen point margin, the election of a Republican Lieutenant Governor and Attorney General, as well as Republican gains of six seats in the House of Delegates. In 2011, the Republican caucus took over two-thirds (68–32) of the seats in the House of Delegates, and a majority of the Senate based on the Lieutenant Governor Bill Bolling as the tie-breaker. Following the 2013 elections, Democrat Terry McAuliffe was elected Governor by two and half percentage points, while Democrat Ralph Northam was elected Lieutenant Governor by almost double digits. Republicans, however, maintained their super-majority (68–32) in the House of Delegates. State election seasons traditionally start with the annual Shad Planking event in Wakefield.

In federal elections since 2006, both parties have seen successes. Republican Senator George Allen lost close races in 2006, to Democratic newcomer Jim Webb, and again in 2012, to Webb's replacement, former Governor Tim Kaine. In 2008, Democrats won both United States Senate seats; former Governor Mark Warner was elected to replace retiring Republican John Warner. Voting for Republican candidates in the previous ten presidential elections, Democrat Barack Obama carried Virginia's thirteen electoral votes in both the 2008 and 2012 presidential elections. In the 2010 elections, Republicans won three United States House of Representatives seats from the Democrats. Of the state's eleven seats in the House of Representatives, Republicans hold eight and Democrats hold three. Virginia is considered a "swing state" in future presidential elections.

Sports

Virginia is the most populous U.S. state without a major professional sports league franchise. The reasons for this include the lack of any dominant city or market within the state, the proximity of teams in Washington, D.C. and North Carolina, and a reluctance to publicly finance stadiums. Norfolk is host to the two highest-level minor league teams in the state: The AAA Norfolk Tides and the AHL's Norfolk Admirals, winners of the 2012 Calder Cup. The San Francisco Giants' AA team, the Richmond Flying Squirrels, began play at The Diamond in 2010, replacing the AAA Richmond Braves, who relocated after 2008. Additionally, the Washington Nationals, Boston Red Sox, Seattle Mariners, Chicago White Sox, and Atlanta Braves also have Single-A and Rookie-level farm teams in Virginia.

The Washington Redskins have Redskins Park, their headquarters, in Ashburn and their training facility is in Richmond, and the Washington Capitals train at Kettler Capitals Iceplex in Ballston. Virginia has many professional caliber golf courses including the Greg Norman course at Lansdowne Resort and Kingsmill Resort, home of the Kingsmill Championship. NASCAR currently schedules Sprint Cup races on two tracks in Virginia: Martinsville Speedway and Richmond International Raceway. Current Virginia drivers in the series include Jeff Burton, Denny Hamlin, and Elliott Sadler.

Virginia does not allow state appropriated funds to be used for either operational or capital expenses for intercollegiate athletics. Despite this, both the Virginia Cavaliers and Virginia Tech Hokies have been able to field competitive teams in the Atlantic Coast Conference and maintain modern facilities. Their rivalry is followed statewide. Several other universities compete in NCAA Division I, particularly in the Atlantic 10 Conference and Colonial Athletic Association. Three historically black schools compete in the Division II Central Intercollegiate Athletic Association, and two others compete in the Division I Mid-Eastern Athletic Conference. Several smaller schools compete in the Old Dominion Athletic Conference and the USA South Athletic Conference of NCAA Division III. The NCAA currently holds its Division III championships in football, men's basketball, volleyball and softball in Salem.

State symbols

The state nickname is its oldest symbol, though it has never been made official by law. Virginia was given the title "Dominion" by King Charles II of England at the time of The Restoration, because it had remained loyal to the crown during the English Civil War, and the present moniker, "Old Dominion" is a reference to that title. Charles' supporters were called Cavaliers, and "The Cavalier State" nickname was popularized after the American Civil War to romanticize the antebellum period. Sports teams from the University of Virginia are called the Cavaliers. The other nickname, "Mother of Presidents", is also historic, as eight Virginians have served as President of the United States, including four of the first five.

The state's motto, Sic Semper Tyrannis, translates from Latin as "Thus Always to Tyrants", and is used on the state seal, which is then used on the flag. While the seal was designed in 1776, and the flag was first used in the 1830s, both were made official in 1930. The majority of the other symbols were made official in the late 20th century. The Virginia reel is among the square dances classified as the state dance. Virginia currently has no state song. In 1940, Virginia made "Carry Me Back to Old Virginny" the state song, but it was retired in 1997 and reclassified as the state song emeritus. Various alternatives, including a version of "Oh Shenandoah", have met with resistance in the Virginia House of Delegates.

See also

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Virginia
  • History of Virginia
  • History of Virginia on stamps
  • Virginia in the American Civil War

References

Bibliography

External links

  • Virginia at DMOZ
  • Encyclopedia Virginia
Government
  • State Government website
  • Virginia General Assembly
  • Virginia's Judicial system
  • Constitution of Virginia
  • Virginia State and County Government Websites
Tourism and recreation
  • Virginia Tourism Website
  • Virginia State Parks
  • Virginia Main Street Communities Travel
Culture and history
  • Virginia Historical Society
  • Virginia's First People
  • WPA Guide to the Old Dominion
  • Library of Virginia
Maps and Demographics
  • USGS geographic resources of Virginia
  • Virginia State Climatology Office
  • Virginia State Facts from USDA, Economic Research Service
  • Geographic data related to Virginia at OpenStreetMap

Comments

avatar 12
Caller Type: Text Message
posted by Jerrod in Phone Number

Good Morning Buy all styles of Ray-Ban Sunglasses only 19.99 dollars. If interested, please visit our site: framesoutlet.online Enjoy, 8437617050 USA Telephone Moncks Corner, SC 843-761-7050

avatar 12
Caller Type: Unknown
posted by Becky with the Poo Hair in Phone Number

Scam

avatar 12
Caller Type: Unknown
posted by in Phone Number

Do not answer

avatar 12
Caller Type: Scam
posted by Fleta McCray in Phone Number

Do you need bridal hair or makeup done during COVID19? Visit captureyourbeauty.me for a Inland Empire hair stylist.

avatar 12
Caller Type: Unknown
posted by GA in Phone Number

Trying to find out who calls with no voicemail. Seems as though all these number finders can't possibly find anything without people having to pay.

avatar 12
Caller Type: Unknown
posted by Jim in Phone Number

scam. claims to be from SSA.

avatar 12
Caller Type: Text Message
posted by LB in Phone Number

Sent a text inquiring about the house I wanted to sell when my house isn't for sell. I never contacted these people from 913-859-2075.

avatar 12
Caller Type: Unknown
posted by Concerned Parent in Phone Number

Individual sent bad pics via text

avatar 12
Caller Type: Text Message
posted by Patrice Wassing(nameof#) in Phone Number

She sent MMS of Bulletin for a Small Business Flyer. But how she got my number is a surprise to Me.

avatar 12
Caller Type: Unknown
posted by in Phone Number

Called and left no message. Blocked the number.

avatar 12
Caller Type: Unknown
posted by Dana in Phone Number

I don't answer numbers I don't know anymore. Everyone I need to talk to, I know their number.

avatar 12
Caller Type: Unknown
posted by Boog in Phone Number

Tried to force me to give my SSN. Said I would go to prison if I didn't

avatar 12
Caller Type: Unknown
posted by Spam Phisher in Phone Number

foreign accent spammer

avatar 12
Caller Type: Unknown
posted by spam in Phone Number

multiple spam caller in violation of do not call list at FCC

avatar 12
Caller Type: Scam
posted by Carol in Phone Number

Called my home phone to tell me that my Amazon account had a $900 charge for an Apple Iphone made from a different area? I made no such purchase. They gave me a phone number to call back on. I did not listen and promptly hung up. This is a scam as II have never had an Amazon account with my home phone listed?

avatar 12
Caller Type: Scam
posted by Juan Machado in Phone Number

atlantic bussiness ofer me an purchase of 30 weeks of my vacation suscription with my dream vacations, i already pay a pre trasnfer bail , and they never send the money of the weeks plus my bail

avatar 12
Caller Type: Unknown
posted by in Phone Number

Sending text msgs saying my order is in. Provides a link to check on. Never ordered anything. Will not click on link for obvious reasons.

avatar 12
Caller Type: Unknown
posted by Rebecca Hill in Phone Number

Claimed to be loan confirmation person Jenny Jones affiliated with lending club .They can call y but u can't call them

avatar 12
Caller Type: Unknown
posted by Rebecca Hill in Phone Number

Claimed to be loan confirmation person Jenny Jones affiliated with lending club .They can call y but u can't call them

avatar 12
Caller Type: Unknown
posted by in Phone Number

all this site does besides having 50 ads for others, is tell me the call was made from my county. DUH! I know what my area code encompasses. soooooo tired of these scam.sites

Search Phone Number

Your Comment

(1 + 8 = ? )

Similar phone numbers

5402809000 , 540-280-9000 5402809001 , 540-280-9001 5402809002 , 540-280-9002 5402809003 , 540-280-9003 5402809004 , 540-280-9004 5402809005 , 540-280-9005 5402809006 , 540-280-9006 5402809007 , 540-280-9007 5402809008 , 540-280-9008 5402809009 , 540-280-9009 5402809010 , 540-280-9010 5402809011 , 540-280-9011 5402809012 , 540-280-9012 5402809013 , 540-280-9013 5402809014 , 540-280-9014 5402809015 , 540-280-9015 5402809016 , 540-280-9016 5402809017 , 540-280-9017 5402809018 , 540-280-9018 5402809019 , 540-280-9019 5402809020 , 540-280-9020 5402809021 , 540-280-9021 5402809022 , 540-280-9022 5402809023 , 540-280-9023 5402809024 , 540-280-9024 5402809025 , 540-280-9025 5402809026 , 540-280-9026 5402809027 , 540-280-9027 5402809028 , 540-280-9028 5402809029 , 540-280-9029 5402809030 , 540-280-9030 5402809031 , 540-280-9031 5402809032 , 540-280-9032 5402809033 , 540-280-9033 5402809034 , 540-280-9034 5402809035 , 540-280-9035 5402809036 , 540-280-9036 5402809037 , 540-280-9037 5402809038 , 540-280-9038 5402809039 , 540-280-9039 5402809040 , 540-280-9040 5402809041 , 540-280-9041 5402809042 , 540-280-9042 5402809043 , 540-280-9043 5402809044 , 540-280-9044 5402809045 , 540-280-9045 5402809046 , 540-280-9046 5402809047 , 540-280-9047 5402809048 , 540-280-9048 5402809049 , 540-280-9049 5402809050 , 540-280-9050 5402809051 , 540-280-9051 5402809052 , 540-280-9052 5402809053 , 540-280-9053 5402809054 , 540-280-9054 5402809055 , 540-280-9055 5402809056 , 540-280-9056 5402809057 , 540-280-9057 5402809058 , 540-280-9058 5402809059 , 540-280-9059 5402809060 , 540-280-9060 5402809061 , 540-280-9061 5402809062 , 540-280-9062 5402809063 , 540-280-9063 5402809064 , 540-280-9064 5402809065 , 540-280-9065 5402809066 , 540-280-9066 5402809067 , 540-280-9067 5402809068 , 540-280-9068 5402809069 , 540-280-9069 5402809070 , 540-280-9070 5402809071 , 540-280-9071 5402809072 , 540-280-9072 5402809073 , 540-280-9073 5402809074 , 540-280-9074 5402809075 , 540-280-9075 5402809076 , 540-280-9076 5402809077 , 540-280-9077 5402809078 , 540-280-9078 5402809079 , 540-280-9079 5402809080 , 540-280-9080 5402809081 , 540-280-9081 5402809082 , 540-280-9082 5402809083 , 540-280-9083 5402809084 , 540-280-9084 5402809085 , 540-280-9085 5402809086 , 540-280-9086 5402809087 , 540-280-9087 5402809088 , 540-280-9088 5402809089 , 540-280-9089 5402809090 , 540-280-9090 5402809091 , 540-280-9091 5402809092 , 540-280-9092 5402809093 , 540-280-9093 5402809094 , 540-280-9094 5402809095 , 540-280-9095 5402809096 , 540-280-9096 5402809097 , 540-280-9097 5402809098 , 540-280-9098 5402809099 , 540-280-9099 5402809100 , 540-280-9100 5402809101 , 540-280-9101 5402809102 , 540-280-9102 5402809103 , 540-280-9103 5402809104 , 540-280-9104 5402809105 , 540-280-9105 5402809106 , 540-280-9106 5402809107 , 540-280-9107 5402809108 , 540-280-9108 5402809109 , 540-280-9109 5402809110 , 540-280-9110 5402809111 , 540-280-9111 5402809112 , 540-280-9112 5402809113 , 540-280-9113 5402809114 , 540-280-9114 5402809115 , 540-280-9115 5402809116 , 540-280-9116 5402809117 , 540-280-9117 5402809118 , 540-280-9118 5402809119 , 540-280-9119 5402809120 , 540-280-9120 5402809121 , 540-280-9121 5402809122 , 540-280-9122 5402809123 , 540-280-9123 5402809124 , 540-280-9124 5402809125 , 540-280-9125 5402809126 , 540-280-9126 5402809127 , 540-280-9127 5402809128 , 540-280-9128 5402809129 , 540-280-9129 5402809130 , 540-280-9130 5402809131 , 540-280-9131 5402809132 , 540-280-9132 5402809133 , 540-280-9133 5402809134 , 540-280-9134 5402809135 , 540-280-9135 5402809136 , 540-280-9136 5402809137 , 540-280-9137 5402809138 , 540-280-9138 5402809139 , 540-280-9139 5402809140 , 540-280-9140 5402809141 , 540-280-9141 5402809142 , 540-280-9142 5402809143 , 540-280-9143 5402809144 , 540-280-9144 5402809145 , 540-280-9145 5402809146 , 540-280-9146 5402809147 , 540-280-9147 5402809148 , 540-280-9148 5402809149 , 540-280-9149 5402809150 , 540-280-9150 5402809151 , 540-280-9151 5402809152 , 540-280-9152 5402809153 , 540-280-9153 5402809154 , 540-280-9154 5402809155 , 540-280-9155 5402809156 , 540-280-9156 5402809157 , 540-280-9157 5402809158 , 540-280-9158 5402809159 , 540-280-9159 5402809160 , 540-280-9160 5402809161 , 540-280-9161 5402809162 , 540-280-9162 5402809163 , 540-280-9163 5402809164 , 540-280-9164 5402809165 , 540-280-9165 5402809166 , 540-280-9166 5402809167 , 540-280-9167 5402809168 , 540-280-9168 5402809169 , 540-280-9169 5402809170 , 540-280-9170 5402809171 , 540-280-9171 5402809172 , 540-280-9172 5402809173 , 540-280-9173 5402809174 , 540-280-9174 5402809175 , 540-280-9175 5402809176 , 540-280-9176 5402809177 , 540-280-9177 5402809178 , 540-280-9178 5402809179 , 540-280-9179 5402809180 , 540-280-9180 5402809181 , 540-280-9181 5402809182 , 540-280-9182 5402809183 , 540-280-9183 5402809184 , 540-280-9184 5402809185 , 540-280-9185 5402809186 , 540-280-9186 5402809187 , 540-280-9187 5402809188 , 540-280-9188 5402809189 , 540-280-9189 5402809190 , 540-280-9190 5402809191 , 540-280-9191 5402809192 , 540-280-9192 5402809193 , 540-280-9193 5402809194 , 540-280-9194 5402809195 , 540-280-9195 5402809196 , 540-280-9196 5402809197 , 540-280-9197 5402809198 , 540-280-9198 5402809199 , 540-280-9199 5402809200 , 540-280-9200 5402809201 , 540-280-9201 5402809202 , 540-280-9202 5402809203 , 540-280-9203 5402809204 , 540-280-9204 5402809205 , 540-280-9205 5402809206 , 540-280-9206 5402809207 , 540-280-9207 5402809208 , 540-280-9208 5402809209 , 540-280-9209 5402809210 , 540-280-9210 5402809211 , 540-280-9211 5402809212 , 540-280-9212 5402809213 , 540-280-9213 5402809214 , 540-280-9214 5402809215 , 540-280-9215 5402809216 , 540-280-9216 5402809217 , 540-280-9217 5402809218 , 540-280-9218 5402809219 , 540-280-9219 5402809220 , 540-280-9220 5402809221 , 540-280-9221 5402809222 , 540-280-9222 5402809223 , 540-280-9223 5402809224 , 540-280-9224 5402809225 , 540-280-9225 5402809226 , 540-280-9226 5402809227 , 540-280-9227 5402809228 , 540-280-9228 5402809229 , 540-280-9229 5402809230 , 540-280-9230 5402809231 , 540-280-9231 5402809232 , 540-280-9232 5402809233 , 540-280-9233 5402809234 , 540-280-9234 5402809235 , 540-280-9235 5402809236 , 540-280-9236 5402809237 , 540-280-9237 5402809238 , 540-280-9238 5402809239 , 540-280-9239 5402809240 , 540-280-9240 5402809241 , 540-280-9241 5402809242 , 540-280-9242 5402809243 , 540-280-9243 5402809244 , 540-280-9244 5402809245 , 540-280-9245 5402809246 , 540-280-9246 5402809247 , 540-280-9247 5402809248 , 540-280-9248 5402809249 , 540-280-9249 5402809250 , 540-280-9250 5402809251 , 540-280-9251 5402809252 , 540-280-9252 5402809253 , 540-280-9253 5402809254 , 540-280-9254 5402809255 , 540-280-9255 5402809256 , 540-280-9256 5402809257 , 540-280-9257 5402809258 , 540-280-9258 5402809259 , 540-280-9259 5402809260 , 540-280-9260 5402809261 , 540-280-9261 5402809262 , 540-280-9262 5402809263 , 540-280-9263 5402809264 , 540-280-9264 5402809265 , 540-280-9265 5402809266 , 540-280-9266 5402809267 , 540-280-9267 5402809268 , 540-280-9268 5402809269 , 540-280-9269 5402809270 , 540-280-9270 5402809271 , 540-280-9271 5402809272 , 540-280-9272 5402809273 , 540-280-9273 5402809274 , 540-280-9274 5402809275 , 540-280-9275 5402809276 , 540-280-9276 5402809277 , 540-280-9277 5402809278 , 540-280-9278 5402809279 , 540-280-9279 5402809280 , 540-280-9280 5402809281 , 540-280-9281 5402809282 , 540-280-9282 5402809283 , 540-280-9283 5402809284 , 540-280-9284 5402809285 , 540-280-9285 5402809286 , 540-280-9286 5402809287 , 540-280-9287 5402809288 , 540-280-9288 5402809289 , 540-280-9289 5402809290 , 540-280-9290 5402809291 , 540-280-9291 5402809292 , 540-280-9292 5402809293 , 540-280-9293 5402809294 , 540-280-9294 5402809295 , 540-280-9295 5402809296 , 540-280-9296 5402809297 , 540-280-9297 5402809298 , 540-280-9298 5402809299 , 540-280-9299 5402809300 , 540-280-9300 5402809301 , 540-280-9301 5402809302 , 540-280-9302 5402809303 , 540-280-9303 5402809304 , 540-280-9304 5402809305 , 540-280-9305 5402809306 , 540-280-9306 5402809307 , 540-280-9307 5402809308 , 540-280-9308 5402809309 , 540-280-9309 5402809310 , 540-280-9310 5402809311 , 540-280-9311 5402809312 , 540-280-9312 5402809313 , 540-280-9313 5402809314 , 540-280-9314 5402809315 , 540-280-9315 5402809316 , 540-280-9316 5402809317 , 540-280-9317 5402809318 , 540-280-9318 5402809319 , 540-280-9319 5402809320 , 540-280-9320 5402809321 , 540-280-9321 5402809322 , 540-280-9322 5402809323 , 540-280-9323 5402809324 , 540-280-9324 5402809325 , 540-280-9325 5402809326 , 540-280-9326 5402809327 , 540-280-9327 5402809328 , 540-280-9328 5402809329 , 540-280-9329 5402809330 , 540-280-9330 5402809331 , 540-280-9331 5402809332 , 540-280-9332 5402809333 , 540-280-9333 5402809334 , 540-280-9334 5402809335 , 540-280-9335 5402809336 , 540-280-9336 5402809337 , 540-280-9337 5402809338 , 540-280-9338 5402809339 , 540-280-9339 5402809340 , 540-280-9340 5402809341 , 540-280-9341 5402809342 , 540-280-9342 5402809343 , 540-280-9343 5402809344 , 540-280-9344 5402809345 , 540-280-9345 5402809346 , 540-280-9346 5402809347 , 540-280-9347 5402809348 , 540-280-9348 5402809349 , 540-280-9349 5402809350 , 540-280-9350 5402809351 , 540-280-9351 5402809352 , 540-280-9352 5402809353 , 540-280-9353 5402809354 , 540-280-9354 5402809355 , 540-280-9355 5402809356 , 540-280-9356 5402809357 , 540-280-9357 5402809358 , 540-280-9358 5402809359 , 540-280-9359 5402809360 , 540-280-9360 5402809361 , 540-280-9361 5402809362 , 540-280-9362 5402809363 , 540-280-9363 5402809364 , 540-280-9364 5402809365 , 540-280-9365 5402809366 , 540-280-9366 5402809367 , 540-280-9367 5402809368 , 540-280-9368 5402809369 , 540-280-9369 5402809370 , 540-280-9370 5402809371 , 540-280-9371 5402809372 , 540-280-9372 5402809373 , 540-280-9373 5402809374 , 540-280-9374 5402809375 , 540-280-9375 5402809376 , 540-280-9376 5402809377 , 540-280-9377 5402809378 , 540-280-9378 5402809379 , 540-280-9379 5402809380 , 540-280-9380 5402809381 , 540-280-9381 5402809382 , 540-280-9382 5402809383 , 540-280-9383 5402809384 , 540-280-9384 5402809385 , 540-280-9385 5402809386 , 540-280-9386 5402809387 , 540-280-9387 5402809388 , 540-280-9388 5402809389 , 540-280-9389 5402809390 , 540-280-9390 5402809391 , 540-280-9391 5402809392 , 540-280-9392 5402809393 , 540-280-9393 5402809394 , 540-280-9394 5402809395 , 540-280-9395 5402809396 , 540-280-9396 5402809397 , 540-280-9397 5402809398 , 540-280-9398 5402809399 , 540-280-9399 5402809400 , 540-280-9400 5402809401 , 540-280-9401 5402809402 , 540-280-9402 5402809403 , 540-280-9403 5402809404 , 540-280-9404 5402809405 , 540-280-9405 5402809406 , 540-280-9406 5402809407 , 540-280-9407 5402809408 , 540-280-9408 5402809409 , 540-280-9409 5402809410 , 540-280-9410 5402809411 , 540-280-9411 5402809412 , 540-280-9412 5402809413 , 540-280-9413 5402809414 , 540-280-9414 5402809415 , 540-280-9415 5402809416 , 540-280-9416 5402809417 , 540-280-9417 5402809418 , 540-280-9418 5402809419 , 540-280-9419 5402809420 , 540-280-9420 5402809421 , 540-280-9421 5402809422 , 540-280-9422 5402809423 , 540-280-9423 5402809424 , 540-280-9424 5402809425 , 540-280-9425 5402809426 , 540-280-9426 5402809427 , 540-280-9427 5402809428 , 540-280-9428 5402809429 , 540-280-9429 5402809430 , 540-280-9430 5402809431 , 540-280-9431 5402809432 , 540-280-9432 5402809433 , 540-280-9433 5402809434 , 540-280-9434 5402809435 , 540-280-9435 5402809436 , 540-280-9436 5402809437 , 540-280-9437 5402809438 , 540-280-9438 5402809439 , 540-280-9439 5402809440 , 540-280-9440 5402809441 , 540-280-9441 5402809442 , 540-280-9442 5402809443 , 540-280-9443 5402809444 , 540-280-9444 5402809445 , 540-280-9445 5402809446 , 540-280-9446 5402809447 , 540-280-9447 5402809448 , 540-280-9448 5402809449 , 540-280-9449 5402809450 , 540-280-9450 5402809451 , 540-280-9451 5402809452 , 540-280-9452 5402809453 , 540-280-9453 5402809454 , 540-280-9454 5402809455 , 540-280-9455 5402809456 , 540-280-9456 5402809457 , 540-280-9457 5402809458 , 540-280-9458 5402809459 , 540-280-9459 5402809460 , 540-280-9460 5402809461 , 540-280-9461 5402809462 , 540-280-9462 5402809463 , 540-280-9463 5402809464 , 540-280-9464 5402809465 , 540-280-9465 5402809466 , 540-280-9466 5402809467 , 540-280-9467 5402809468 , 540-280-9468 5402809469 , 540-280-9469 5402809470 , 540-280-9470 5402809471 , 540-280-9471 5402809472 , 540-280-9472 5402809473 , 540-280-9473 5402809474 , 540-280-9474 5402809475 , 540-280-9475 5402809476 , 540-280-9476 5402809477 , 540-280-9477 5402809478 , 540-280-9478 5402809479 , 540-280-9479 5402809480 , 540-280-9480 5402809481 , 540-280-9481 5402809482 , 540-280-9482 5402809483 , 540-280-9483 5402809484 , 540-280-9484 5402809485 , 540-280-9485 5402809486 , 540-280-9486 5402809487 , 540-280-9487 5402809488 , 540-280-9488 5402809489 , 540-280-9489 5402809490 , 540-280-9490 5402809491 , 540-280-9491 5402809492 , 540-280-9492 5402809493 , 540-280-9493 5402809494 , 540-280-9494 5402809495 , 540-280-9495 5402809496 , 540-280-9496 5402809497 , 540-280-9497 5402809498 , 540-280-9498 5402809499 , 540-280-9499 5402809500 , 540-280-9500 5402809501 , 540-280-9501 5402809502 , 540-280-9502 5402809503 , 540-280-9503 5402809504 , 540-280-9504 5402809505 , 540-280-9505 5402809506 , 540-280-9506 5402809507 , 540-280-9507 5402809508 , 540-280-9508 5402809509 , 540-280-9509 5402809510 , 540-280-9510 5402809511 , 540-280-9511 5402809512 , 540-280-9512 5402809513 , 540-280-9513 5402809514 , 540-280-9514 5402809515 , 540-280-9515 5402809516 , 540-280-9516 5402809517 , 540-280-9517 5402809518 , 540-280-9518 5402809519 , 540-280-9519 5402809520 , 540-280-9520 5402809521 , 540-280-9521 5402809522 , 540-280-9522 5402809523 , 540-280-9523 5402809524 , 540-280-9524 5402809525 , 540-280-9525 5402809526 , 540-280-9526 5402809527 , 540-280-9527 5402809528 , 540-280-9528 5402809529 , 540-280-9529 5402809530 , 540-280-9530 5402809531 , 540-280-9531 5402809532 , 540-280-9532 5402809533 , 540-280-9533 5402809534 , 540-280-9534 5402809535 , 540-280-9535 5402809536 , 540-280-9536 5402809537 , 540-280-9537 5402809538 , 540-280-9538 5402809539 , 540-280-9539 5402809540 , 540-280-9540 5402809541 , 540-280-9541 5402809542 , 540-280-9542 5402809543 , 540-280-9543 5402809544 , 540-280-9544 5402809545 , 540-280-9545 5402809546 , 540-280-9546 5402809547 , 540-280-9547 5402809548 , 540-280-9548 5402809549 , 540-280-9549 5402809550 , 540-280-9550 5402809551 , 540-280-9551 5402809552 , 540-280-9552 5402809553 , 540-280-9553 5402809554 , 540-280-9554 5402809555 , 540-280-9555 5402809556 , 540-280-9556 5402809557 , 540-280-9557 5402809558 , 540-280-9558 5402809559 , 540-280-9559 5402809560 , 540-280-9560 5402809561 , 540-280-9561 5402809562 , 540-280-9562 5402809563 , 540-280-9563 5402809564 , 540-280-9564 5402809565 , 540-280-9565 5402809566 , 540-280-9566 5402809567 , 540-280-9567 5402809568 , 540-280-9568 5402809569 , 540-280-9569 5402809570 , 540-280-9570 5402809571 , 540-280-9571 5402809572 , 540-280-9572 5402809573 , 540-280-9573 5402809574 , 540-280-9574 5402809575 , 540-280-9575 5402809576 , 540-280-9576 5402809577 , 540-280-9577 5402809578 , 540-280-9578 5402809579 , 540-280-9579 5402809580 , 540-280-9580 5402809581 , 540-280-9581 5402809582 , 540-280-9582 5402809583 , 540-280-9583 5402809584 , 540-280-9584 5402809585 , 540-280-9585 5402809586 , 540-280-9586 5402809587 , 540-280-9587 5402809588 , 540-280-9588 5402809589 , 540-280-9589 5402809590 , 540-280-9590 5402809591 , 540-280-9591 5402809592 , 540-280-9592 5402809593 , 540-280-9593 5402809594 , 540-280-9594 5402809595 , 540-280-9595 5402809596 , 540-280-9596 5402809597 , 540-280-9597 5402809598 , 540-280-9598 5402809599 , 540-280-9599 5402809600 , 540-280-9600 5402809601 , 540-280-9601 5402809602 , 540-280-9602 5402809603 , 540-280-9603 5402809604 , 540-280-9604 5402809605 , 540-280-9605 5402809606 , 540-280-9606 5402809607 , 540-280-9607 5402809608 , 540-280-9608 5402809609 , 540-280-9609 5402809610 , 540-280-9610 5402809611 , 540-280-9611 5402809612 , 540-280-9612 5402809613 , 540-280-9613 5402809614 , 540-280-9614 5402809615 , 540-280-9615 5402809616 , 540-280-9616 5402809617 , 540-280-9617 5402809618 , 540-280-9618 5402809619 , 540-280-9619 5402809620 , 540-280-9620 5402809621 , 540-280-9621 5402809622 , 540-280-9622 5402809623 , 540-280-9623 5402809624 , 540-280-9624 5402809625 , 540-280-9625 5402809626 , 540-280-9626 5402809627 , 540-280-9627 5402809628 , 540-280-9628 5402809629 , 540-280-9629 5402809630 , 540-280-9630 5402809631 , 540-280-9631 5402809632 , 540-280-9632 5402809633 , 540-280-9633 5402809634 , 540-280-9634 5402809635 , 540-280-9635 5402809636 , 540-280-9636 5402809637 , 540-280-9637 5402809638 , 540-280-9638 5402809639 , 540-280-9639 5402809640 , 540-280-9640 5402809641 , 540-280-9641 5402809642 , 540-280-9642 5402809643 , 540-280-9643 5402809644 , 540-280-9644 5402809645 , 540-280-9645 5402809646 , 540-280-9646 5402809647 , 540-280-9647 5402809648 , 540-280-9648 5402809649 , 540-280-9649 5402809650 , 540-280-9650 5402809651 , 540-280-9651 5402809652 , 540-280-9652 5402809653 , 540-280-9653 5402809654 , 540-280-9654 5402809655 , 540-280-9655 5402809656 , 540-280-9656 5402809657 , 540-280-9657 5402809658 , 540-280-9658 5402809659 , 540-280-9659 5402809660 , 540-280-9660 5402809661 , 540-280-9661 5402809662 , 540-280-9662 5402809663 , 540-280-9663 5402809664 , 540-280-9664 5402809665 , 540-280-9665 5402809666 , 540-280-9666 5402809667 , 540-280-9667 5402809668 , 540-280-9668 5402809669 , 540-280-9669 5402809670 , 540-280-9670 5402809671 , 540-280-9671 5402809672 , 540-280-9672 5402809673 , 540-280-9673 5402809674 , 540-280-9674 5402809675 , 540-280-9675 5402809676 , 540-280-9676 5402809677 , 540-280-9677 5402809678 , 540-280-9678 5402809679 , 540-280-9679 5402809680 , 540-280-9680 5402809681 , 540-280-9681 5402809682 , 540-280-9682 5402809683 , 540-280-9683 5402809684 , 540-280-9684 5402809685 , 540-280-9685 5402809686 , 540-280-9686 5402809687 , 540-280-9687 5402809688 , 540-280-9688 5402809689 , 540-280-9689 5402809690 , 540-280-9690 5402809691 , 540-280-9691 5402809692 , 540-280-9692 5402809693 , 540-280-9693 5402809694 , 540-280-9694 5402809695 , 540-280-9695 5402809696 , 540-280-9696 5402809697 , 540-280-9697 5402809698 , 540-280-9698 5402809699 , 540-280-9699 5402809700 , 540-280-9700 5402809701 , 540-280-9701 5402809702 , 540-280-9702 5402809703 , 540-280-9703 5402809704 , 540-280-9704 5402809705 , 540-280-9705 5402809706 , 540-280-9706 5402809707 , 540-280-9707 5402809708 , 540-280-9708 5402809709 , 540-280-9709 5402809710 , 540-280-9710 5402809711 , 540-280-9711 5402809712 , 540-280-9712 5402809713 , 540-280-9713 5402809714 , 540-280-9714 5402809715 , 540-280-9715 5402809716 , 540-280-9716 5402809717 , 540-280-9717 5402809718 , 540-280-9718 5402809719 , 540-280-9719 5402809720 , 540-280-9720 5402809721 , 540-280-9721 5402809722 , 540-280-9722 5402809723 , 540-280-9723 5402809724 , 540-280-9724 5402809725 , 540-280-9725 5402809726 , 540-280-9726 5402809727 , 540-280-9727 5402809728 , 540-280-9728 5402809729 , 540-280-9729 5402809730 , 540-280-9730 5402809731 , 540-280-9731 5402809732 , 540-280-9732 5402809733 , 540-280-9733 5402809734 , 540-280-9734 5402809735 , 540-280-9735 5402809736 , 540-280-9736 5402809737 , 540-280-9737 5402809738 , 540-280-9738 5402809739 , 540-280-9739 5402809740 , 540-280-9740 5402809741 , 540-280-9741 5402809742 , 540-280-9742 5402809743 , 540-280-9743 5402809744 , 540-280-9744 5402809745 , 540-280-9745 5402809746 , 540-280-9746 5402809747 , 540-280-9747 5402809748 , 540-280-9748 5402809749 , 540-280-9749 5402809750 , 540-280-9750 5402809751 , 540-280-9751 5402809752 , 540-280-9752 5402809753 , 540-280-9753 5402809754 , 540-280-9754 5402809755 , 540-280-9755 5402809756 , 540-280-9756 5402809757 , 540-280-9757 5402809758 , 540-280-9758 5402809759 , 540-280-9759 5402809760 , 540-280-9760 5402809761 , 540-280-9761 5402809762 , 540-280-9762 5402809763 , 540-280-9763 5402809764 , 540-280-9764 5402809765 , 540-280-9765 5402809766 , 540-280-9766 5402809767 , 540-280-9767 5402809768 , 540-280-9768 5402809769 , 540-280-9769 5402809770 , 540-280-9770 5402809771 , 540-280-9771 5402809772 , 540-280-9772 5402809773 , 540-280-9773 5402809774 , 540-280-9774 5402809775 , 540-280-9775 5402809776 , 540-280-9776 5402809777 , 540-280-9777 5402809778 , 540-280-9778 5402809779 , 540-280-9779 5402809780 , 540-280-9780 5402809781 , 540-280-9781 5402809782 , 540-280-9782 5402809783 , 540-280-9783 5402809784 , 540-280-9784 5402809785 , 540-280-9785 5402809786 , 540-280-9786 5402809787 , 540-280-9787 5402809788 , 540-280-9788 5402809789 , 540-280-9789 5402809790 , 540-280-9790 5402809791 , 540-280-9791 5402809792 , 540-280-9792 5402809793 , 540-280-9793 5402809794 , 540-280-9794 5402809795 , 540-280-9795 5402809796 , 540-280-9796 5402809797 , 540-280-9797 5402809798 , 540-280-9798 5402809799 , 540-280-9799 5402809800 , 540-280-9800 5402809801 , 540-280-9801 5402809802 , 540-280-9802 5402809803 , 540-280-9803 5402809804 , 540-280-9804 5402809805 , 540-280-9805 5402809806 , 540-280-9806 5402809807 , 540-280-9807 5402809808 , 540-280-9808 5402809809 , 540-280-9809 5402809810 , 540-280-9810 5402809811 , 540-280-9811 5402809812 , 540-280-9812 5402809813 , 540-280-9813 5402809814 , 540-280-9814 5402809815 , 540-280-9815 5402809816 , 540-280-9816 5402809817 , 540-280-9817 5402809818 , 540-280-9818 5402809819 , 540-280-9819 5402809820 , 540-280-9820 5402809821 , 540-280-9821 5402809822 , 540-280-9822 5402809823 , 540-280-9823 5402809824 , 540-280-9824 5402809825 , 540-280-9825 5402809826 , 540-280-9826 5402809827 , 540-280-9827 5402809828 , 540-280-9828 5402809829 , 540-280-9829 5402809830 , 540-280-9830 5402809831 , 540-280-9831 5402809832 , 540-280-9832 5402809833 , 540-280-9833 5402809834 , 540-280-9834 5402809835 , 540-280-9835 5402809836 , 540-280-9836 5402809837 , 540-280-9837 5402809838 , 540-280-9838 5402809839 , 540-280-9839 5402809840 , 540-280-9840 5402809841 , 540-280-9841 5402809842 , 540-280-9842 5402809843 , 540-280-9843 5402809844 , 540-280-9844 5402809845 , 540-280-9845 5402809846 , 540-280-9846 5402809847 , 540-280-9847 5402809848 , 540-280-9848 5402809849 , 540-280-9849 5402809850 , 540-280-9850 5402809851 , 540-280-9851 5402809852 , 540-280-9852 5402809853 , 540-280-9853 5402809854 , 540-280-9854 5402809855 , 540-280-9855 5402809856 , 540-280-9856 5402809857 , 540-280-9857 5402809858 , 540-280-9858 5402809859 , 540-280-9859 5402809860 , 540-280-9860 5402809861 , 540-280-9861 5402809862 , 540-280-9862 5402809863 , 540-280-9863 5402809864 , 540-280-9864 5402809865 , 540-280-9865 5402809866 , 540-280-9866 5402809867 , 540-280-9867 5402809868 , 540-280-9868 5402809869 , 540-280-9869 5402809870 , 540-280-9870 5402809871 , 540-280-9871 5402809872 , 540-280-9872 5402809873 , 540-280-9873 5402809874 , 540-280-9874 5402809875 , 540-280-9875 5402809876 , 540-280-9876 5402809877 , 540-280-9877 5402809878 , 540-280-9878 5402809879 , 540-280-9879 5402809880 , 540-280-9880 5402809881 , 540-280-9881 5402809882 , 540-280-9882 5402809883 , 540-280-9883 5402809884 , 540-280-9884 5402809885 , 540-280-9885 5402809886 , 540-280-9886 5402809887 , 540-280-9887 5402809888 , 540-280-9888 5402809889 , 540-280-9889 5402809890 , 540-280-9890 5402809891 , 540-280-9891 5402809892 , 540-280-9892 5402809893 , 540-280-9893 5402809894 , 540-280-9894 5402809895 , 540-280-9895 5402809896 , 540-280-9896 5402809897 , 540-280-9897 5402809898 , 540-280-9898 5402809899 , 540-280-9899 5402809900 , 540-280-9900 5402809901 , 540-280-9901 5402809902 , 540-280-9902 5402809903 , 540-280-9903 5402809904 , 540-280-9904 5402809905 , 540-280-9905 5402809906 , 540-280-9906 5402809907 , 540-280-9907 5402809908 , 540-280-9908 5402809909 , 540-280-9909 5402809910 , 540-280-9910 5402809911 , 540-280-9911 5402809912 , 540-280-9912 5402809913 , 540-280-9913 5402809914 , 540-280-9914 5402809915 , 540-280-9915 5402809916 , 540-280-9916 5402809917 , 540-280-9917 5402809918 , 540-280-9918 5402809919 , 540-280-9919 5402809920 , 540-280-9920 5402809921 , 540-280-9921 5402809922 , 540-280-9922 5402809923 , 540-280-9923 5402809924 , 540-280-9924 5402809925 , 540-280-9925 5402809926 , 540-280-9926 5402809927 , 540-280-9927 5402809928 , 540-280-9928 5402809929 , 540-280-9929 5402809930 , 540-280-9930 5402809931 , 540-280-9931 5402809932 , 540-280-9932 5402809933 , 540-280-9933 5402809934 , 540-280-9934 5402809935 , 540-280-9935 5402809936 , 540-280-9936 5402809937 , 540-280-9937 5402809938 , 540-280-9938 5402809939 , 540-280-9939 5402809940 , 540-280-9940 5402809941 , 540-280-9941 5402809942 , 540-280-9942 5402809943 , 540-280-9943 5402809944 , 540-280-9944 5402809945 , 540-280-9945 5402809946 , 540-280-9946 5402809947 , 540-280-9947 5402809948 , 540-280-9948 5402809949 , 540-280-9949 5402809950 , 540-280-9950 5402809951 , 540-280-9951 5402809952 , 540-280-9952 5402809953 , 540-280-9953 5402809954 , 540-280-9954 5402809955 , 540-280-9955 5402809956 , 540-280-9956 5402809957 , 540-280-9957 5402809958 , 540-280-9958 5402809959 , 540-280-9959 5402809960 , 540-280-9960 5402809961 , 540-280-9961 5402809962 , 540-280-9962 5402809963 , 540-280-9963 5402809964 , 540-280-9964 5402809965 , 540-280-9965 5402809966 , 540-280-9966 5402809967 , 540-280-9967 5402809968 , 540-280-9968 5402809969 , 540-280-9969 5402809970 , 540-280-9970 5402809971 , 540-280-9971 5402809972 , 540-280-9972 5402809973 , 540-280-9973 5402809974 , 540-280-9974 5402809975 , 540-280-9975 5402809976 , 540-280-9976 5402809977 , 540-280-9977 5402809978 , 540-280-9978 5402809979 , 540-280-9979 5402809980 , 540-280-9980 5402809981 , 540-280-9981 5402809982 , 540-280-9982 5402809983 , 540-280-9983 5402809984 , 540-280-9984 5402809985 , 540-280-9985 5402809986 , 540-280-9986 5402809987 , 540-280-9987 5402809988 , 540-280-9988 5402809989 , 540-280-9989 5402809990 , 540-280-9990 5402809991 , 540-280-9991 5402809992 , 540-280-9992 5402809993 , 540-280-9993 5402809994 , 540-280-9994 5402809995 , 540-280-9995 5402809996 , 540-280-9996 5402809997 , 540-280-9997 5402809998 , 540-280-9998